What if in the next decade, there would no single petro and diesel vehicle running on the roads of our country? Thanks to the Electrification of Vehicles because of which this notion will find a successful place in the transportation industry. An analysis has shown that in the year 2015, about 27 lakhs of petrol and diesel vehicles were sold as opposed to 22,000 electric vehicles, which accounts to mere 1%.
It is a saddening truth that India is already facing immense number of obstacles due to high levels of pollution. Cancer and asthma patients are not finding a sigh of relief and this thing is even more problematic for pregnant women and new-born babies who are forced to live in a sickening environment. To deal with the situation, various solutions are implemented. For instance, the use of air purifiers, odd-even formula, extensive use of CNG vehicles, are some adopted measures which have not been proved of a greater success in relieving the people from the distressing plight. Therefore, my perception says that instead of dealing with the already monstrous problem, why not uproot and eradicate this problem at all?
Electrification of vehicles and intensifying the use of artificial intelligence are the wayouts to resolving this issue permanently. Talking about the Electric Vehicle Market in India, it may encounter endless number of challenges as compared to the countries in the West. Lack of infrastructure for charging and battery costs are the major obstacles that India will encounter. Therefore, there is no denying the fact that huge investments are required to make electric vehicle technology in the country easy and affordable.
If we talk about the present scenario, Mahindra Electric is the only company involved in manufacturing electric vehicles. Moreover, it has been working on more powerful projects to make Electrification of Vehicles in India a grand success. Presently, these vehicles have a range of 140 km with the maximum speed reaching up to 85 km per hour. However, the target is to make maximum speed up to 200 km per hour, with the range of around 350 Km.
Adding on it, the govt. has also not put its leg behind in paving a successful way to Electric Vehicle Development. Extending the Phase 1 part of FAME scheme (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles), the govt has decided to offer incentives to EV buyers so that the adoption of this trend becomes all the more easy and enhancing the sales as well. It has also been estimated that till July 26th 2017, about 150,550 hybrid and electric vehicles have received incentives.
However, the OEMs and suppliers of automobile industry are going to face major disruption on account of electromobility. Presently, they have ambitious targets to achieve in producing ICE (Internal Combustion Engine). But the question is that how are they going to deal if electromobility gradually begin to take the pace. Do these OEMs and suppliers will have to re look at their plans?
Well, gasoline and diesel engines come under ICE and in either case, there is internal combustion of fuel which means that the combustion of fuel occurs within an oxidizer in the combustion chamber. Electrification of vehicles is a long term project for the private as well as for the govt sector. Therefore, ICE is not at the verge of end with respect to enhancement in carbon dioxide emissions. No doubt, they are going to play a vital role in the production of automobiles in the near future, while electromobility is gaining momentum gradually. Thus, an ideal future projects in a direction where both electromobility and ICE combined with renewable electric power play their role.
My perception says that since electrobility is trying to make its roots in our country, the govt should adopt other such measures to help rooting it as well as to promote among the public. This could be done when both the private and the govt sector will come together to work on this project. Along with that, people should be made aware that to make their own city clean and healthy, they must purchase these vehicles. But, these would be done on a mass scale when people’s high expectations would be met. Challenges will be encountered, investments would be large but once this project will come on the path of success, there will be no back out. And Delhi Metro is the best example to see the ideal future. Nobody remembers the challenges they had faced when they realized that all was done in the favor of public and travelling has become as simple as dreamt.
Eventually, electrification of vehicles on a large scale will be a grand achievement for the country since both the environment and the people are going to benefit from this. But how this strategy is going to evolve in the long run, in the next 10-15 years is still a question for which we still have to find the answer.